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National treasures of Venezuela

Venezuela is a country rich in cultural heritage, ranging from prehistory to contemporary times. Numerous sites and monuments that bear witness to the country's history and cultural diversity can be found throughout its territory. Here are some of the most outstanding elements of Venezuela's cultural heritage

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Different periods of the country's history

History of the country

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Festivity: music, dance, traditions.

Intangible heritage

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Weavings, ceramics, arepa, creole pavilion.

Cultural heritage

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Pre-Hispanic culture, petroglyphs, mountains.

Cultural heritage

Historical houses and buildings:


In Venezuela you can find historic houses and buildings dating from different periods of the country's history. Among them are the Casa Natal de Simón Bolívar, in Caracas, the Casa de la Cultura de Maracaibo, in the state of Zulia, and the Casa de las Ventanas de Hierro, in Coro, state of Falcón.

Intangible heritage:

In addition to sites and monuments, Venezuela has an intangible heritage that includes music, dances, oral traditions and popular festivals. Among the most popular dances are the joropo, salsa, merengue and tambora. Popular festivities include the Caracas Carnival, the Festival of the Virgin of the Valley, on Margarita Island, and the San Juan Bautista Fair, in the state of Yaracuy.

Handicrafts and gastronomy:

Handicrafts and gastronomy are also important elements of Venezuela's cultural heritage. Handicrafts include products made from natural materials, such as basketry, weaving and ceramics. Venezuelan gastronomy is characterized by dishes such as arepa, pabellón criollo, hallaca and asado negro, among others.

Archaeological sites:

Venezuela has a large number of archeological sites dating from different periods, such as the pre-Hispanic culture of the indigenous people who inhabited the territory before the arrival of Europeans. Some of the most important archeological sites are the petroglyphs of the Cueva del Guácharo, in the state of Monagas, and the Canaima National Park, where the impressive Roraima Mountains are located.

Venezuela has a rich cultural and natural diversity, which has been recognized by UNESCO with the designation of several sites as national heritages, some examples of the national heritages of Venezuela, which are a sample of the richness and cultural and natural diversity of the country.

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Caracas University City

Designated a World Heritage Site in 2000, the University City of Caracas is a masterpiece of architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva and an exceptional example of modern architecture in Latin America.

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It is one of the largest national parks in Latin America and has a unique biodiversity. Designated a World Heritage Site in 1994, the park is famous for its impressive tepuis and waterfalls, including Angel Falls, the highest waterfall in the world.

Image by Ronald Rivas

The music of the oral tradition of Los Llanos

This musical and cultural expression of the Venezuelan Llanos was declared Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 2018.

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