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Pemón indigenous group

The Pemón people are one of the most important indigenous groups in Venezuela. They live mainly in the Gran Sabana region, in the state of Bolívar, in the south of the country. It is estimated that there are around 35,000 Pemón in Venezuela, and their language is Pemón, a language of the Carib family.

The Pemon people are mainly engaged in agriculture, hunting, fishing, and gathering fruits and medicinal plants. Yucca is one of the main crops, and is used to produce foods such as cassava and yopo. 


The social structure of the Pemón people is based on clans, and each clan has its own territory and internal organization. The highest authority is the cacique, who is elected by the clan members and is in charge of making important decisions and representing the clan before other communities and authorities. 


Pemón culture is rich in traditions and rituals, and music and dance are important elements of daily life. Among the most popular dances are the "kamarata" and the "kuyunun", and bamboo drums and flutes are used in religious ceremonies. 


Handicrafts are also an important activity for the Pemones, and they produce decorative and utilitarian objects such as baskets, baskets, hats, hammocks and pottery.  


The Pemon are known for their close relationship with nature and their worldview, which includes a belief in supernatural beings and the connection between humans and the natural world. This is reflected in their respect for the environment and their commitment to biodiversity conservation in the Gran Sabana region.

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